Garlic is an annual or biennial vegetable crops with developed arches. The bulb is made up 10-20 small harbor, cloves, which are wrapped in solid white or reddish dry shell.
In every developed garlic is one vegetative bud, from which the next year developing a new plant. The root of the core, and makes it largely adventitious roots developed in the surface layer of soil. The leaves are narrow, linear-lanceolate, composed of leaf branches that form a false stem and 40-50 cm long stalks. Some ecotypes are formed flower stalks up to 1 m ended peltate bloom in the beginning of wrapped membranes. The flowers are tiny, reddish-purple flowers have six stamens ovaries with multiple ovules. The fruit is a three-piece quiver. The seeds are very small, roundish, black in color and usually sterile, so the garlic does not reproduce seeds. On the inflorescence of garlic can be developed with the air bulb planting breeding buds which to grow plants, but they give a small bulb consisting of a few cloves.